I began my research by investigating artists and articles recommended in the unit brief, seeing it as a starting point in my further endeavours into Unit X.
The first feature reports how COVID-19 created an existential dilemma for the fashion world with $1000 face masks epitomising an industry consumed by systemic inequality, unchecked consumerism and waste. Art Review article raises serious questions about face mask/face shielding fashion and the high-end luxury designers controversial pricing for their Covid related fashion. It also speaks of the relationship between various pandemic/diseases and fashion (protecting the body and clothing). The author points out that ”It was also inevitable that the aesthetics of the pandemic would find their way onto the catwalk” and poses an important question towards fast fashion and fashion industry overall: ”Now with some brands considering selling unsold 2020 collections in 2021 we are faced with the question: if ‘this season’ clothing can be sold next year, what is the point in ‘this season at all?”. With the fashion industry being unsustainable, polluting and violating human rights, the question on everyone’s mind is, where does it end? And could we do better? It seems like there has been some positive movement resulting from the pandemic, as major brands and big designers are opting in ”for a slower pace, fewer and more timely seasons, and more sustainable practices including less waste and travel”.
As a former key worker, I particularly enjoyed watching this short video by Halpern Spring-Summer ’21 – Key Workers Celebration Film, mentioned in the article.
Afterwards, I studied articles mentioned in the brief related to the works of Nick Knight, https://www.vogue.co.uk/fashion/article/vogue-zoom-fashion-shoot https://www.showstudio.com/contributors/nick_knight https://www.showstudio.com/projects/fashion_film_submissions
In the first article, Knight describes the challenges, possibilities and uniqueness of a fashion shoot via zoom. Knight says “I’m a huge believer in not being tied down,” I was able to “find poetry by breaking down the components of a traditional shoot and reseeing them”. Knight discusses the environmental stress that the fashion industry puts on the planet and expresses his hope for change in the future regarding this issue, especially considering the possibilities that are yet to be explored within this realm of image taking. I was very impressed and inspired by his inventiveness and the overall attitude towards the challenging conditions under which he found himself. I always say, just because it’s hard, it doesn’t mean that it’s not good for you, and the ‘easy comes easy goes’ saying is an accurate reflection of reality. Through overcoming difficulties, we grow and learn, and what we gain from that experience benefits us permanently. That is not to say it is not satisfying and advantageous when things flow smoothly for an artist, but I believe that both sides of the coin bring a certain value.
I studied Michael Wolf’s Informal Arrangements and other of his works. https://photomichaelwolf.com/#
I found Wolf’s artwork very inspiring, particularly the use of repetition, arrangement and collaging images together. I think I am always so focused on a single image, the dynamism and narrative behind it, I almost completely (subconsciously) dismiss the idea of repetition. I found examining Wolf’s work very beneficial as it opened my eyes to other possibilities, breaking my boundaries, asking, how about trying something against my habitual way of thinking. I am particularly impressed by the image Tokyo-compression-1, a body of work that could be separated into many enthralling, individual portraits. However, Wolf’s artistic decision was to collage them together, adding strength to this piece and emphasising the compression of humans presented in it.
Cristina de Middel and Bruno Morais , Excessocenus. https://excessocenus.com
I studied an article (https://www.1854.photography/2018/03/excessocenus/) in which the artist describes the premise of this body of work and her collaboration with Bruno Morais. She created Excessocenus to “shift the target audience for environmental reportage and also avoid any apocalyptic imagery”, in her work, she brings attention to excessive consumption and its dreadful repercussions on the environment and mental health. I am hopeful to see subjects of great personal significance, approached from a different angle and with imagination. It makes me feel optimistic about the future of the environment. De Middel’s statements on opinion and truth left a grand impression on me “I try to explain with images my opinion on the world we live in. The opinion part is important as I believe truth can only be reached by exposure to many different opinions. The more opinions you consume, the closer you get to anything true…at least when it comes to understanding what is going on in the world.”
Through this article, I discovered another of De Middel’s brilliant series called Afronauts, which I am excited to explore further.
Shinique Smith https://www.shiniquesmith.com/
Marvellous artist to discover, I adore her freedom within an abstract expression, her use of colour and her very inspiring use of material. Additionally, I very impressed by her live performances, which are filled with enchantment, mesmerise and invite to discover more of Smith’s performance work.
Smith’s rhythmical inhales and exhales that lead the audience into a meditative state had such an impact on me, that I decided to incorporate this element into my future performance. I chose to abandon the typical choice of soundtrack for the video and give space for breath to engage and create a specific ambience, reflecting my vision inspired by Smith’s work.
Breathing Room: Bound and Loose (11th January 2020)
Performed at the Baltimore Museumof Art
Gesture I: Unraveling (2014)
Meet The Artist: Nick Cave on “Soundsuit”
I watched a fascinating interview with Cave in which he says, “I looked at that particular doily and thought that was the reason why this piece happened. It’s nice to be able to know the starting point within work and how that dictates how I’m going to treat the rest of the surface.”. I strongly relate to the point he made as I create my work (especially collage, but also photography) in a very similar way. Frequently, I experience a creative situation when a small detail that catches my eye and intrigues me directs the rest of the artwork. The world of that characteristic revolves and constructs around the creation to be, like the nucleus of an atom with electrons orbiting it, making it into the design it was always meant to be. I fell in love with his colourful (my favourite thing!), entertaining, original, stimulating and unusual artwork. It questioned the limits of my imagination and made me want to push them further!
Ollubiyi Thomas https://www.olubiyithomas.com/
SHOWstudio: Designer Ollubiyi Thomas interviewed at CIFF SS19
How can fashion and the arts shine a light on important causes?
In this short interview, Thomas makes a good argument about incorporating the ‘negative’ and ‘ugly’ within artists work, encouraging them to be braver and not shy away from involving this part of life within the practice. I think he has a point (however, I believe that quite a few artists already follow that path, at the same time, I understand it was just a general message of encouragement). It made me reflect more on my practice, reassuring me to give attention and time to the ‘undesirable’ and ‘overlooked’.
Olubiyi Thomas London Woman FW 21-22 (2021)
I watched a Future Highlander video performance, which I found very beautiful and original. I also familiarised myself with Thomas’ webpage and his designer collection. What moved me the most was not the clothes themselves (that is not to say that I didn’t enjoy his collection) but the photoshoot of his clothes. Moody, dark, inventive, even blurry, they all have a certain feeling and mystery about them, and I have to say I was rather impressed to see a bit more wabi-sabi approach towards your standard modelling of clothes, inspiring work that makes you think outside the box.
James Turner, (2016) https://weglimpse.co/
Modern Rebels: James Turner – Radical Optimist
After watching a short video about James Turner and his impressive project/collective Glimpse, I was drawn into his vision and way of thinking, working towards a more positive future and collective changes. It was only natural that I immediately signed up for the mailing list to stay updated and get involved with upcoming projects. I filled up my profile form, noting how I could contribute to the cause, and am looking forward to the day when I will make a positive impact, supported by these inspirational creatives and kind human beings.
Christian Boltanski, No Man’s Land (2010)
In the interview, Boltanski speaks of his artistic process in ever so beautiful metaphors and parallels “When you have a partition, you can play for a big orchestra or a small orchestra. (…) is that it’s like writing an opera, but the music is the space, and the music is already there, and you can write the story, but you have the music. And you can’t be against the music; you must work with the music. For this reason, I really change the work each time I show it. What is very important for me is that the people are inside the piece and not in front of the piece.”, I especially adore the last part. I understand photography is a different sort of ‘performance’ than Boltanski’s creations, nevertheless the notion of placing a spectator ” inside the piece and not in front of the piece” fully resonates with me, and I believe it is attainable in photography. Ultimately a spectator stands in front of the image, however, if the photograph is compelling and mesmerising enough, it can transport one inside it and deliver the unique experience within, if only for a brief moment of enchantment. I appreciate how Boltanski speaks about the interpretation of his work depending on the viewer. It varies from one extreme to another, and he is quite contented with the idea of multiple interpretations (that is the beauty of art, isn’t it?). I recognise that overall artists create to convey a specific message, but the reality is that once it is out there for individuals to interpret, the artwork produced takes on many different lives. The interview is full of wisdom, excellent insight into Boltanski’s practice, and his unique outlook on life and death, amongst other things. I especially recorded a couple of things he said as these words were particularly captivating and close to my heart “all of us are absolutely important and at the same time so fragile”.
“(…) I believe that what is important for an object or for a person is to look at it and give some love.”
New Boltanski Exhibit Takes Over The Armory (2010)
In this interview, Boltanski speaks of the human heartbeat, and his utilisation of multiple recordings of heartbeats as the soundtrack to his exhibition is unique, beautiful and inspiring. Both Boltanski’s heartbeat and Shinique Smith’s use of breath sound within their performances are incredibly simple and powerful, something that is planting a seed in my creativity garden of the future Unit X project.
Helena Manzano (2017)
How refreshing and promising for a fashion designer Helena Manzano to say “(Fashion should be) thinking about the waste of materials created each season and try to repurpose as much as possible”, I can only hope her approach will become a trend to follow.
I am really grateful for being introduced to all of these amazing, and new to me artist I believe that my project would not look the same without an extensive investigation of the unit brief. It gave me a sense of direction, showed me many new ways of approcha nd inspired me greatly.
Investigation (Secondary Research and Development)
I was always interested in theatre, acting, dance, circus and anything that revolves around these creative arts. As a very young person (primary school in Poland so between 11-14), alongside a few schoolmates and with no external help from teachers, we created a theatre troupe performing at the beginning just for our mums. The sensational feeling of acting and recreating stories led us to adopt a few children’s books. We performed for the whole school, even a local kindergarten, which contacted us and came to see the shows. Since I left primary school and everything theatre related ended, I thought about it many times. When I travelled around Europe, I frequently got involved with artistic squats, circus, actors, puppet shows, filmmakers and all range of performers and artists, it has always been such a big part of me, sadly unchanneled for a very long time. Recently this, not forgotten passion, has been sparked again by the incredible and inspiring Monster Chetwynd, as well as other speakers during our Media and Inspirer Talks. I don’t remember which talk was it (there were so many amazing ones!), but I bookmarked an interpretive dance mentioned, Strasbourg 1518. On viewing it, I was mesmerised again, pulled by invisible rope towards something so close to my heart. After watching the dance, I researched the origins of the story that it was inspired by, a fascinating event of a dancing plague, which took place in Strasbourg in 1518. After this beautiful glimpse into the theatre, I did not think that there would be any follow up on that for a while, but then Unit X happened and what an opportunity it was!
STRASBOURG 1518 | Official Trailer | Hand-Picked by MUBI (2020)
The Plague That Made People Dance Themselves to Death (2019).
During the Unit X collaboration group meeting, we brainstormed, discussed and decided on using the movement as a way to express individual experiences of life in the pandemic. We split a required two-minute video into 24 seconds frames, each person to create their theme inspired and movement represented section that we will collage together into a collaborative moving image. We decided to use a butterfly as a symbol to connect all the work, aptly representing resurrection, change, renewal, hope, endurance, and courage to embrace the transformation to make life better. Following the group’s decision on topic and method, I settled on performing a mime act. I naturally proceeded to research the art of mime and renowned mimes. I watched many videos on Marcel Marceau, Charlie Chaplin, Étienne Decroux, studied mime basics from YouTube tutorials, and read a book by Claude Kipnis The Mime Book (1974).
Marcel Marceau: Life & Work (2016).
The documentary about Marcel Marceau gave me a great insight into this incredible and unique artist’s mind. Several things he said made a great impression on me ‘one is a mime the way one is a painter or musician. It’s a vocation.” Later on, he makes a beautiful comparison of trees and humans, ”Trees can be compared to human beings, you look after them if they’re sick. There are trees that have extraordinary power. Some trees take root, some don’t. Two trees planted together don’t have to like each other. Trees have feelings for each other. We marry them by planting them together, then you realise one tree takes root, and the other won’t. Perhaps they weren’t in love.” ”If we speak of life, we speak of death, one goes with the other. If we speak of happiness, we speak of sadness. These opposites are vital in creating the dramatic quality of the event.”
I adore how Marceau speaks of mime being universal because you don’t need words. I find a strong parallel between mime and photography because of the same attribute. Correspondingly, in photography words are not necessary, the image, the expression of it, like a skilled mime, speaks volumes and tells the story.
Marcel Marceau, The Maskmaker (1975) (2018)
A remarkably compelling nine minutes mime is the portrayal of the human being. In “The Mask Maker”, Marcel Marceau explores the full range of human emotions; the narrative gestures, the wondrous facial expressions and the spectrum of human emotions one right after the other. Marcel Marceau’s character flips imaginary masks on and off his face going in a flash from laughter to tears, from happiness to sorrow. In the end, the mask maker can’t remove the laughing mask, the ultimate tragedy, the irony of humankind.
I was absolutely thrilled to discover during my research that Marcel Marceau collaborated with my favourite artist in the world Alejandro Jodorowsky. I knew that Jodorowsky studied mime in Paris at some point in his life (hence plenty of mime influences in his movies), but what a great surprise it was when I found out that that mime was no one else but Marcel Marceau, everything came together! Thinking about it, it makes complete sense. From this article, I learned the details of their collaboration and the story behind The Maskmaker. “Jodorowsky would say, ‘Marcel, will you accept if I give you an idea for a story?’” remembered Marceau in an interview. “I replied, ‘Of course, if the idea is good.’ Jodorowsky said, ‘What do you think of a man who tries on different masks showing a variety of emotions? He puts on a laughing mask that gets stuck on his face; he tries desperately but it will not come off. He has to blind himself to take it off his face.’ I did the choreography myself, and then we shared the rights for this pantomime.” Geniuses. Great minds think alike. Two other Marceau-Jodorowsky works in mime followed The Saber of the Samurai and “another cruel tale” called The Eater of Hearts.
Charlie Chaplin – Full Length Biography (Documentary) (2017)
Charlie Chaplin – The Lion Cage – Full Scene (The Circus, 1928) (2017).
Etienne Decroux – La Statue (2013)
Creative Arts Theatre – Let’s Play – Mime Basics (2020)
Ever so inspiring and original style of Claude Cahun, which I consider closely related to mime.
Based on my research, I brainstormed the ideas and created a storyline for my mime performance and a mood board.
Throughout the unit, we had many fantastic workshops with industry professionals and skilled lectures of MMU. Each different from one another, evoking the unknown within me and inciting a new way of thinking and looking. I carried what I have learned from them forward, utilising new-found inspirations and knowledge in my collaboration and final video project.
ALAN JONES WORKSHOP
I really enjoyed Alan’s workshop, it was thought-provoking and guided us towards the change of perspective of looking at things and stimulating the imagination, pushing the boundaries.
Recreate a famous painting. I chose Frida Khalo’s painting The Roots.
Five one minute sculptures
SUE FOX WORKSHOP
An amazingly weird and super fun workshop with Sue Fox! Made me feel so alive and like there is time to party and get weird. I created a persona of a conspicuous detective, trying to solve a case of my detective partner – Mr Tiger, being cursed and trapped in the body of a mascot.
CLIFFORD JAGO WORKSHOP
I based my concept on single-use plastic. I am in constant disbelief about how we treat our planet and our environment. Living on a narrowboat, I see so much pollution in the river and surroundings it makes me extremely concerned. I created a plastic mermaid persona to bring even more attention to this issue. A super fun workshop to execute, yet apart from the obvious enjoyment of getting dressed up and frolicking in the river in March, I wanted to say something that matters to me. Plastic Mermaid asked me to pass on these words to you:
‘I was not always here, but I am here to stay You might try but I won’t effortlessly go away Unless you make a change and harness your own creation I am here to stay powered by your consciousness sedation. I know you have potential, I know that there is good in you But you have to try harder, be mindful of what you do Every single choice has a consequence Make the right one, make me reminiscence.’
DANNY TREACY’S WORKSHOP
For Danny Treacy’s workshop, we were invited to create a response to the current status of the mask, express how we feel about the way it relates to the current pandemic, fashion, practice, and investigate the theme of identity demonstrated through the means of clothing and photography. I decided to make a mask that I will also use for my mime performance.It was a very creative activity and a great experience, as I have never made a mask before, and it opened me up to this craft that I will engage in again.
How I made my Haku Mask
DIY Masquerade Venetian Mask – Plague Doctor from Paper Mache (2016)
DIY Basic mask (2013)
I researched mime makeup examples, learned how to apply and rehearsed the mime make up before the photoshoot and the filming.
EASY Mime Makeup Tutorial for Adults and Kids (2018)
“In the Dressing Room” with Mime Actor Carlos Martínez (2020)
Mime make up rehearsal
Preparation and transformation
Final results of mime make-up rehearsal
Mime fashion styles research
Other elements of the video
Mime Covid faces for zoom call (photoshoot and gif making for a few second video frame in the final film shoot)
I used a web page https://www.kapwing.com/explore/make-anything-into-a-zoom-callvideo-and-image-template, which provides a Zoom template. I pasted my photographs into it and created a mime faces of Covid for Zoom call screenshot. Afterwards, I used a web page https://ezgif.com/maker, to create a gif. I played around with speed, effects, loops and other options available. The next step involved learning the glitch effect on Photoshop, which was easy to execute following instructions I found on a YouTube tutorial.
Disturbing gif of Covid mime faces for the film frame
Create a Glitch Video Effect in Photoshop (2018)
Glitch Effect on Portrait | Photoshop Tutorial (2018)
I thought it would be beneficial to get an actual mime on board the project. I posted on social media, asking if anyone knows any mimes, and I got a connection via my friends to a mime/clown lady. I messaged her explaining the project, and we chatted for a while about the collaboration/help with the mime project. Unfortunately, the cooperation didn’t happen due to halted communication on her side. Nevertheless, it was a valuable experience for me, gave me confidence and empowered me to contact anyone I wish to work with. Even if things don’t work out, it’s always worth giving it a go!
After rehearsing the makeup and finalising the photoshoot for making the gif, I proceeded to work on the performance. I met up with a friend Reka, who is an excellent drama teacher. We discussed the performance, emotions, setting, and set up a date to rehearse the piece. I resolved to use a nearby river as a setting, hoping that it would add extra value to the performance, visually and auditorily. If that would not work very well, the backup ideas were to use a studio at uni or a space in the marina that provides a good background (wall/warehouses).
Performance rehearsal at river Goyt
After the rehearsal at the river, I was content with the outcomes, splashes of water playing a significant part auditorily, and the location gave more realism to the story. Satisfied with these results, I focused on that location and collecting the remaining props for the performance, striped clothes, hat, butterfly net, gloves etc.
Final film shooting
Ready? Quiet on set. Action!
I worked with Adobe Premiere Pro, editing video to my vision, learning the basics of this handy program. Additionally, I spent a day working on sound in the same program, playing with sound effects, finding and adding samples etc. Once concluded, I send it over to the animator from my group to add a butterfly animation to my finished project.
Final results of my short video for our collaboration
We had an excellent group collaboration, especially given the circumstances of the pandemic, I think we have done an amazing job! We met up regularly on Zoom (once a week over the course of the unit, with an Easter break), discussing ideas, progress and the collaborative side of things. After Easter break and when the lockdown restrictions eased, we met a couple of times in person in Manchester to discuss the final touches, apply feedback from mid-term presentation to our final one, choose the speaker, order our individual pieces to create a flow and a story. We had a couple of long meetings a day before and on a day of presentation to rehearse before delivering. The presentation went very well and I am extremely proud of everyone’s effort and truly impressed with their creativity, it was a pleasure and an honour.
Notes from meetings with group
Isolated Movements – our Instagram page where we posted our progress and communicated in a group chat. We exchanged ideas and inspirations via the Trello board https://trello.com/invite/b/BypHmcSp/e3c256dfa6798c95914b6609fdb3f580/reflective year board.
We had an excellent group collaboration, especially given the difficult circumstances caused by the pandemic. I believe we have done an outstanding job! We met up regularly (once a week throughout the unit, with an Easter break), discussing ideas, progress and the collaborative side of things. After Easter break and when the lockdown restrictions eased, we met a couple of times in person in Manchester to discuss the final touches, apply feedback from the mid-term presentation to our final one by choosing the speaker, create an order of individual pieces to generate a flow and a story. We had a couple of long meetings a day before and on a day of presentation to rehearse before delivering. Presenting went very well, and I am immensely proud of everyone’s effort and very impressed with the group’s creativity. It was a pleasure and an honour to work with these marvellous ladies.
I was initially quite intimidated and worried about group collaboration, but now that we are at the end of our journey, I can fully appreciate the benefits of it and why it is introduced in our first year of exploration and at the start of finding our style. I like to do things my way, control the artistic process and what follows – the outcome. For the Unit X project, I had to abandon everything that I know and want and find myself in a completely new, slightly uncomfortable situation. I consider myself very fortunate to have had such a passionate, hardworking group, which made my experience engaging and valuable. In the beginning, one person was missing the meetings, so I reached out to her with notes, updates and kind emails. Towards the end, we had 100% attendance and engagement from all members of the group. I even helped the aforementioned person with her part of the project by modelling and photography aspects. This experience has taught me patience, understanding and the power of making an effort with people. I found this unit so different to everything that I have ever done (photography wise), and I was keen to explore uncharted waters of art styles of Clifford Jago, Danny Treacy and others. Through the unit, we had numerous motivating and knowledgeable speakers, from Learners Week to Inspirer Talks, Village Green lectures, and the extracurricular Rise program, I have attended them all, enhancing my understanding and broadening my horizons. I believe the talks that the university provided played a fundamental part in my development.
I benefited profoundly from primary (Unit X briefing) and secondary (for my project) research. I am so grateful for being introduced to these inspiring and new to me artists. I believe that my project would not look the same without an extensive investigation of the unit brief. It inspired me significantly, gave me a sense of direction and presented me with many different approaches. The secondary research was an immense journey into the mime world. From watching documentaries and mime performances, reading mime books to drama lessons from my friend (a drama teacher), I feel like I explored this world thoroughly, something that I will never leave behind. I am very excited about the opportunity Unit X presented – to explore the past passions that got phased out by adult life, ushered theatre into my life again, which is such a blessing and a priceless experience. It made me realise how much I adore the theatre world and how big a part of me it is. I think, whatever happens in the future, once reminded of what matters to me, I will be seeking out to incorporate it in my life and perhaps in my practice. While producing a short film, I explored the Adobe Premiere Pro program, successfully learning the basics of video editing. I was delighted with the results, and gaining the knowledge of the programme made me confident and more eager to explore this media further. Correspondingly, I worked with sound for my short piece in the same programme, obtaining skills and confidence within this field and sparking curiosity to learn more. After this experience, my partner and I decided to make a short artistic film. I feel tremendously inspired and thankful for this unit pushing us towards different disciplines, learning new skills with people and softwares, exposing us to much more than just photography.
As a group, we settled very early on the idea of expressing our individual experiences of the Covid-19 pandemic through movement and dance. I was very impressed by everyone’s interpretations and had a vision of how everything would work together (and it did)! I carried the experiences of workshops with Alan Jones, Sue Fox, Paul Jones, Danny Treacy and Clifford Jago into my performance. I dressed up, created and enacted personas many times through the unit, which helped with the mime performance. Additionally, I found Danny Treacy’s workshop and feedback very helpful. When I asked him about any advice for mime performance, he suggested incorporating a zoom call within it. After a short reflection and conceptualization of how to execute it, I was very enthusiastic about the idea, which ultimately made way into my final performance. I was delighted with the results and even more pleased with myself that I had the courage to ask Danny Treacy for advice. I was very active during remote learning, always turning on the camera and trying to engage, yet I found it hard to come up with questions to speakers instantly or was not confident enough to say anything. I find it a much more stressful and unnatural platform than real-life interactions.
My main lesson from Unit X is that I can collaborate. Before, I would never choose this way of working, but gaining the experience I have through the unit, I conclude that, however still not my first choice, I can create a satisfying work cooperating with others. It gave me an understanding of the benefits of collaboration and informed my practice by teaching me this valuable lesson, highlighting areas in which I could improve – keeping an open mind to ideas of others, experimenting more and venturing into unknown territories, getting out of my comfort zone. If invited to work closely with someone, I would approach it in a completely different manner and with open arms. Additionally, I learned about many new techniques and methods of producing artwork and gained new technical skills in several creative softwares. I feel incredibly inspired and developed and will carry the knowledge acquired forward.
‘Breathing Room: Bound and Loose’. Shinique Smith. (2020). [Online video] https://vimeo.com/479694469. Available through Vimeo. [Accessed on 17/03/21].
Butchart, A. (2020) ‘How COVID-19 Created an Existential Dilemma for the Fashion World’. ArtReview. [Online] 24 September 2020. [Accessed on 15/03/21]. https://artreview.com/how-covid-19-created-an-existential-dilemma-for-the-fashion-world-abloh-off-white-louis-vuitton/
‘Charlie Chaplin – Full Length Biography (Documentary)’. Damaris Arnita. (2017). [Online video] https://youtu.be/w40e_PFTsUY. Available through YouTube. [Accessed on 25/03/21].
‘Charlie Chaplin – The Lion Cage – Full Scene (The Circus, 1928)’. Charlie Chaplin. (2017). [Online video] https://youtu.be/_0a998z_G4g. Available through YouTube. [Accessed on 25/03/21].
Church, D. (2007). Senses of Cinema. [Online]. [Accessed on 07/04/21]. https://www.sensesofcinema.com/2007/great-directors/jodorowsky/
‘Create a Glitch Video Effect in Photoshop’. Justin Seeley. (2018). [Online video] https://youtu.be/UFObOvU9nHg. Available through YouTube. [Accessed on 20/04/21].
‘Creative Arts Theatre – Let’s Play – Mime Basics’. CityofTampa. (2020). [Online video] https://youtu.be/eW1TnDEDBHI. Available through YouTube. [Accessed on 05/04/21].
‘DIY Basic mask’. Simply Klaire. (2013). [Online video] https://youtu.be/bKJbxr75quM. Available through YouTube. [Accessed on 03/04/21].
‘DIY Masquerade Venetian Mask – Plague Doctor from Paper Mache’. Troom Troom. (2016). [Online video] https://youtu.be/W_9teVzt0ek. Available through YouTube. [Accessed on 03/04/21].
‘EASY Mime Makeup Tutorial for Adults and Kids’. Kristi Collings. (2018). [Online video] https://youtu.be/uwTf1Czta78. Available through YouTube. [Accessed on 03/04/21].
‘Etienne Decroux – La Statue’. FelipeMimico. (2013). [Online video] https://youtu.be/G6x6YSt6mlw. Available through YouTube. [Accessed on 26/03/21].
Ezgif.com. [Online]. https://ezgif.com/maker. [Accessed on 18/04/21].
‘Gesture I: Unraveling’. Shinique Smith. (2014) [Online video] https://vimeo.com/124643231. Available through Vimeo. [Accessed on 17/03/21].
‘Glitch Effect on Portrait | Photoshop Tutorial’. CreativeSalek. (2018). [Online video] https://youtu.be/QWiKrixVSbM. Available through YouTube. [Accessed on 20/04/21].
‘Halpern Spring-Summer ’21 – Key Workers Celebration Film’. Halpern. (2020) [Online video] https://youtu.be/Su_DlQMM0Tg. Available through YouTube. [Accessed on 13/03/21].
Hsieh, V. (2017). ‘Why designer Helena Manzano staged a fake fashion show’. Dazed. [Online] 27 February 2017. [Accessed on 19/03/21]. https://www.dazeddigital.com/fashion/article/34906/1/why-designer-helena-manzano-staged-a-fake-fashion-show-joyce-ng-aw17-lookbook
‘How I made my Haku Mask’. Funsize nihonjin. [Online] https://youtu.be/JfJADpRFzpI. Available through YouTube. [Accessed on 03/04/21].
‘In the Dressing Room with Mime Actor Carlos Martínez’. Carlos Martínez. (2020). [Online video] https://youtu.be/osKVSfLMeCQ. Available through YouTube. [Accessed on 05/04/21].
Kapwing. [Online] https://www.kapwing.com/explore/make-anything-into-a-zoom-callvideo-and-image-template. [Accessed on 15/03/21].
Kipnis, C. (1974) The Mime Book. Meriwether Publishing: Colorado Springs.
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